The Science of Science turns the microscope on itself. The research subjects are the scientists themselves, their inputs (ideas, funding, training), and their outputs (papers, students, patents). Those in this field try to uncover the origins of innovations, improved scholarly communication, issues of equity (gender, race, socioeconomic status) and policies that faciliate discovery.
Gender disparities are decreasing overall in academia. However, we find in this data driven study that the story is a bit more complicated. Examining more than 8 million academic papers, we find that, in certain fields, women are underrepresented as signle authored papers and that men are over represented in the first and last author positions. You can explore the data for hundreds of fields of science using the following interactive visualization (http://www.eigenfactor.org/gender/).